Related Services in Special Education

Related Services are defined as a service to assist a child with a disability to benefit from Special Education. The Individualized Education Program (IEP) Team members will make a determination regarding the specific related services necessary to meet the unique needs of the child.

Occupational Therapy

Occupation Therapy involves fine motor skills and can enhance a child's ability to function in an educational program. Occupational Therapy can assist students with low muscle tone including skills such as:

  • self-help skills or adaptive living (eating, dressing),
  • fine-motor (e.g., holding a pencil, cutting with scissors),
  • live-skills (e.g., using hands to sort and sequence items, using a pincer grip with thumb and index finger)

Physical Therapy

Physical Therapy is associated with educational relevant services involving the gross motor skills. These services address a child's posture, muscle strength in gross motor abilities, mobility, and organization of movement or motor planning in educational environments. Physical Therapy services may:

  • provide treatment to increase joint function, muscle strength, mobility and endurance
  • address gross motor skills that rely on the large muscles of the body involved in physical movement and range of motion
  • help improve the student's posture, positioning, gait, and body awareness
  • monitor the function, fit and proper use of mobility aids and devices

Psychological Services

Psychological Services are available as a related service when necessary for a student already identified as having a disability and are receiving special education services under an IEP. These services are provided by either a school psychologist or a psychometrist. Psychological Services may include:

  • administering psychological and educational tests and other assessment procedures
  • interpreting assessment results
  • reviewing existing information, as well as obtaining, integrating and interpreting information about a student's behavior and conditions relating to learning in order to conduct a Functional Behavior Assessment
  • services may also include the assistance in developing a positive Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) involving strategies for behavior interventions
  • consulting with other school personnel and the parent regarding the appropriate program(s) to meet the student's unique needs as indicated by psychological tests, interviews, and behavioral evaluations


Audiology services involves the identification of children with hearing loss. Audiology includes:

  • determining the range, nature and degree of hearing loss, including referral for medical or other professional attention for the habilitation of hearing
  • hearing evaluation, speech conservation, auditory training, language habilitation
  • counseling and guidance to school personnel, parents and the child regarding the hearing loss
  • determining children's needs for group and individual amplification, and the evaluation of the effectiveness of the amplification


Speech-Language Pathology Services are provided to address the needs of children with language and articulation difficulties. Speech delays and disorders range from simple sound substitutions to the inability to understand or use language or use the oral-motor mechanism for functional speech and feeding. Speech services may include:

  • screening and/or assessment regarding the identification of children with possible speech and/or language impairments
  • identify and appraise specific speech or language impairments
  • therapy may include, but is not limited to, articulation, vocabulary development, oral motor exercises
  • consult with the child's teacher about the most effective ways to facilitate the child's communication in the class setting
  • consult with the family regarding techniques for effective intervention and strategies to use in the home and community setting
  • utilize electronic communication devices for non-verbal children

School Health Services

School Health Services are indicated as a related service when a student cannot attend school without supportive health care. Typically, school health services are provided by a qualified school nurse or other qualified trained person who is supervised by a qualified nurse. Health services may include:

  • administering and/or dispensing medications
  • classroom modifications for the health needs of the student
  • special feedings
  • clean intermittent catheterization
  • suctioning
  • management of a tracheostomy
  • conducting and/or promoting education and skills training for all (including the student, if possible) school personnel involving the medical

Transportation as a related service is determined by the IEP team members. Transportation includes:

  • travel to and from school
  • specialized equipment (such as lifts, ramps, tie-downs) if required to provide special transportation for a child with a disability

Contact Randy Empting at the Ponca City Public School District's Transportation Department, 580-767-8088.

Website by SchoolMessenger Presence. © 2023 Intrado Corporation. All rights reserved.